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El-Rei D. João VI e a Ordem da Torre e Espada (1808-1826) - Précis in English

BRAGANÇA, José Vicente de. EL-REI D. JOÃO VI E A ORDEM DA TORRE E ESPADA (1808-1826), Lisboa, Ed. do Autor / Academia Falerística de Portugal, 2011

Précis in English

ISBN: 978-989-640-089-7

(Paperback, 142 pages, 27 colour illustrations, 9 tables & graphics)


The legendary origins of the Order and its foundation in 1808, in Brazil, its structure and later modifications. The insignia, its typology, and sanctions for wearing unofficial models. The main manufacturers in Rio de Janeiro and Lisbon. The first awards, in 1808, to British Royal Navy Officers and diplomats and to the high ranking Court nobility. Subsequent awards for Officers distinguished in the Peninsular War and the Campaigns of Montevideo. The high prestige of the Order attested by iconography of British Officers with the order’s insignia and its use in British coat of arms. Awards to Portuguese Officers of the Peninsular War. Concessions after the return to Portugal of King John VI in 1821 and awards to foreigners after the “coups d’état” of Vila Francada and Abrilada (1823-1824). The role of the Mesa da Consciência e Ordens and an overall appraisal of the awards in this period. The Order after the King’s death in 1826 – the «Reform» of the Order by Dom Pedro, Regent and Duke of Braganza in 1832, during the Civil War.

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I. From the the military orders to the orders of knighthood

II. The foundation of the Order 
1. Origins
2. Creation and Statutes of 1808
3. Structure and later modifications

III. The insignia
1. Badge, collar, riband and star
2. Typology of the insignia 
3. Sanctions for wearing unofficial models
4. The remittance of insignia
4.1. Embroidered Stars

IV. The manufacturers
1. The Royal Mint of Rio de Janeiro
2. Jewel insignia by the Crown goldsmith António Gomes da Silva

V. The first awards in 1808

VI. The Peninsular War and the Campaigns of Montevideo 
1. The British Officers of the Peninsular War
2. Iconography with the order’s insignia
3. The order’s insignia in British coat of arms and the order in British coat-of-arms
4. The Portuguese Officers

VII. Concessions after the return to Portugal of King John VI in 1821
1. Awards to foreigners
2. The “coups d’etat” of Vila Francadaand Abrilada (1823-24)

VIII. The role of the Mesa da Consciência e Ordens 
IX. An appraisal of the awards

X. The Order after the King’s death in 1826 – the «Reform» of the Order by Dom Pedro, Regent and Duke of Braganza in 1832

XI. Conclusion

Sources & Bibliography

Marshall Sir William Beresford, Marquess of Campo Maior and Count of Trancoso, KGC TS


t. picton af th lawrence
Lieutenant General Sir ThomasPicton, KC TS –Steel engraving after T. Lawrence,  how, Hamburg, 
© Le voyage en papier – marc dechow, Hamburg, Germany


Field-Marshall John Colborne, 3rd Baron Seaton, K TS


By Armando Alexandre dos Santos in «Arautos d’El-Rei» 

By Humberto Nuno de Oliveira, in «Lusíada – História» Vol. 2, # 8, 2011, pp. 451-452